Cold environment garden planting is hard work but the results are rewarding and amazing. When planting weather conditions must be considered. In the contiguous United States of America, we have a zone system for gardening and planting seeds and plants. We will discuss the best ones for a cold climate. What they will need to grow and produce a great harvest from proper gardening.
Zones can be found online or on the back of a seed packet. There are 4 zones in the USA and each seed packet will have the information you need for your zone and what month to plant. If you are in Zone 3, outdoor planting for you would be between April and June. Where you will plant most of your seeds and seedlings that you have started indoors. Zone 3 has a very warm spring and summer. The key to any zone is moisture and sufficient irrigation. Some fruits and vegetables grow best in warm climates, some in cooler ones, yet moisture is important in all cold environment gardening climates. Always, plant after the threat of frost.
Honeycrisp apples, cherries, apricots, and pears are the best fruits for a cooler climate. They need the moisture of a warm climate but grow best in colder areas. The harvest will produce great results and delicious fruits. Orchards and vineyards are sprouting up all over and again it is based on the specific type of fruit. Honeycrisp apples grow best in the colder areas but so do other varieties but Honeycrisp do best.
Some vegetables that grow best in cooler climates are spinach, collards, carrots, and kale. While kale is not the best tasting vegetable, it is a very healthy superfood. In addition to carrots, other types of root vegetables do well in colder climates. Vegetables like potatoes, beets, parsnips and others are always good choices. These will produce the best results in a cold climate. But again plating during the recommended zonal months and especially after the last frost is imperative for great results.
In any gardening, it is important to consider all factors of growing and harvesting the fruits and vegetables grown. Nothing is worse than putting in all the hard work preparing the ground with fertilizer, rows, and planting and having a poor harvest due to the climate. Planting the wrong or not so recommended plants is what we can control if we educate ourselves by using the zonal guide. Taking advice from other gardeners is also helpful in determining what to plant and when. When moving to a new area, even in the same state, always ask around at farmer’s markets or local social media groups about what grows best. Flowers, vegetables, fruits, and even houseplants grow differently in different climates. Ensuring that the moisture needs, soil requirements, and fertilizer balance is something we can control. Education on climates is not so much but we can learn what will grow best.